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 The EPC Members' Newsletter

 

Legislative update 102 September - 2001

1. ELECTRONIC COMMERCE
1.1 ISDN report sent back to Committee
1.2 eCommerce and Financial Services
1.3 Cybercrime update
1.4 VAT on eCommerce
1.5 ICANN agree .name

2. INTERNET (CONTENT) REGULATION
2.1 French and German deep-linking cases
2.2 Rome II leaked draft appears

3. COPYRIGHT
3.1 WIPO committee meeting on Copyright and related rights
3.2 Rights Data Directory WIPO meeting

4. ADVERTISING
4.1 Draft Green Paper on Consumer Protection (duty to trade fairly)
4.2 Draft Regulation on Sales Promotion
4.3 EGTA adopts code for virtual advertising
4.4 Study on Advertising Airtime
4.5 State Aid Guidelines on Advertising
4.6 Nutritional and Functional Claims

5. AUDIOVISUAL AND GENERAL MEDIA POLICY
5.1 Cinema Developments
5.2 Parliament adopts opinion on TWF 3rd Report
5.3 Parliament call for European Cultural Cooperation Observatory
5.4 German case on PSB funding

6. GENERAL
6.1 Services of General Interest
6.2 Distance Selling of Financial Services
6.3 Company Law - High Level Group of Experts established
6.4 Internal market strategy for services
6.5 Corporate social responsibility
6.6 Commission Communication on Contract Law
6.7 GBDe meeting in Toyko
6.8 Postal Users Group meeting
6.9 MEPs critical of Prodi's White Paper
6.10 Plans for the Forum move forwards
6.11 Market Abuse Hearing - 15th October
6.12 Own initiative report on books
6.13 Company law statue welcomed by EP
6.14 Competition Policy reform voted on in Parliament
6.15 Confederation of European Paper Industry Documents
6.16 Risk of job losses in Forest Based Industry


Dates for your diary

October
4th - UPM/Kymmene - merger hearing in Brussels
5-6th - Meeting of Audiovisual Ministers in Mons
10th - Eping meeting on "Tackling harmful content on the internet"
11th - Conference on Competition Policy - Antwerp
15th - Market Abuse hearing in the European Parliament
24th - Hague Conference on Jurisdiction and enforcement of laws consultation in Brussels
26th - Duty to Trade Fairly Alliance meeting
30th - ESF meeting with Article 133 Committee

Note: See http://www.eu2001.be/ for all Presidency events

1 Electronic commerce
1.1 ISDN report sent back to Committee

MEP Marco Cappato's report on the ISDN directive which covers the issue of SPAM and cookies has been sent back to Committee following a shambolic vote in plenary. The MEP's had adopted a report in favour of opt-in but the overall report voted was unacceptable. The Committee now has two months to revote on the report before it has to go back to plenary. Discussions begin on 9th October. More detailed information about the abortive plenary vote is available on request.

1.2 eCommerce and Financial Services
Chris Huhne's report on the eCommerce and Financial Services proposal is due to be voted on in plenary this week. His report stands in favour of the "country of origin" principle which currently needs all the help it can get in the hostile climate developing in the Commission. More information on request.

1.3 Cybercrime update
The Parliament report on Cybercrime by Charlotte Cederschold was adopted in plenary in September. This calls for a coherent European strategy whilst preserving privacy and data protection rights although Government has legitimate needs to intercept electronic communications but this should not place an unreasonable burden on industry. Adopted text is available on request. In addition the Deputies of the Council of Europe has now adopted the Cyber-crime convention The draft will be presented to a meeting of the foreign affairs ministers in Strasbourg on the incoming 8th November with the so-called "opening for signature" by member states taking place at an international conference in Budapest at the end of November. The Convention will enter into force when five states, which must include at least three member states of the Council of Europe, have ratified it.

1.4 VAT on eCommerce
The Ecofin council on 22nd September did not get round to discussing the VAT on eCommerce proposal as was predicted but there was a brief discussion on VAT on labour intensive sectors and the use of lower rates. The Belgian Finance Minister Didier Reynders came out in favour of streaming and the aim of using lower rates whilst Frits Bolkestein is championing a less complicated VAT system and said he is "highly sceptical about proposals to favour some sectors via VAT" and is opposed to "more disparate" rates in the internal market.

1.5 ICANN agree .name
The Internet Cooperation for names and numbers (ICANN) has now signed an agreement for the introduction of the .name top level domain. Requests for this domain can be made by individuals at http://www.nic.name and it will be operational from November. Meanwhile ICANN held a meeting in September to discuss the progress towards the adoption of all 7 new top level domains which now is subject so a sponsorship agreement process. See http://www.icann.org/tlds/ for more details.


2 Internet (content) regulation

2.1 French and German deep-linking cases
The Higher Regional Court of Cologne has ruled that in two relevant cases that the operator of a search engine covering press reports which leads the user direct to the copyrighted text (not passing the home page) does not violate copyright law or constitute anti-competitive behaviour. However the French Civil Court of Paris found on September 5, 2001 that the search engine Keljob infringed the French Intellectual Property Code by displaying hypertext deep link to the ÔCadremploi' website. The search engine Keljob was using a qualitatively substantial part of the contents of ÔCadremploi' database without its consent, and was, consequently, violating the Ôsui generis right' of article L.341-1 of the French Intellectual Property Code. Keljob has been ordered to pay one million French francs as damages, but has already lodged an appeal

2.2 Rome II leaked draft appears
A new draft of the regulation on applicable law otherwise known as Rome II has now surfaced. This version states that country of origin rules in existing community law will remain in place but all other areas should be governed by the basic principle of country of damage. This means that electronic publication would be subject to the applicable law of where that publication is registered but this would not apply to off-line publications. The directive also states defamation cases would relate to the country of damage. The draft seems to be somewhat unclear and it is a present subject to a battle in the Commission and Council between those countries who see it as an ideal way to reverse the eCommerce directive and those who wish to cement it. It is still hoped the Parliament will hold a hearing for interested parties before the draft is released. More information available on request.


3 Copyright

3.1 WIPO committee meeting on Copyright and related rights
The next WIPO meeting on Copyright and Related Rights will take place in Geneva from November 26th to 30th. The meeting will discuss the protection of databases and protection of the Rights of Broadcasting Organisations. Meanwhile a WIPO meeting on eCommerce took place in September which discussed recent and future developments in eCommerce and their impact on the intellectual property system. Read more on http://www.wipo.org/news.

3.3 Rights Data Directory WIPO meeting
WIPO is holding a meeting to discuss the concept of a Rights Data Directory to permit interested parties to understand and evaluate the work on an ongoing project. The Data Directory is described as "a consistent, ordered and machine-readable set of semantics for securely describing the rights in intellectual property I order for permissions such as Ôprint', Ôcopy' or Ôplay' to be reliably and securely controlled for all information in digital form online and offline." For more information see: http://ecommerce.wipo.int/meetings/2001/indecs/index.html


4 Advertising

4.1 Draft Green Paper on Consumer Protection (duty to trade fairly)
The DG SANCO draft 'Green Paper on Consumer Protection' (previously known as 'General Duty to Trade Fairly') has been adopted on 2nd October.. The purpose of the Green Paper is to launch an extensive public consultation on the direction of EU consumer protection. However the draft leaked document showed that the paper biased one option (that of a General Duty) above all others. EPC wrote a joint letter signed by FEDMA and 4 other organisations demanding that the options are presented in an unbiased fashion and statements are backed up by evidence. The Commission promised a redraft of the text. The Commission intends to organise a hearing for interested parties and consultation of national authorities. Copy of the Green Paper and the letter sent by EPC available on request.

4.2 Draft Regulation on Sales Promotion
This has now also been adopted at the same time as the Green Paper (See above) as the two proposals were tied together at Commission level as part of a carefully negotiated compromise between DG Sanco and DG Markt. The proposal is generally positive in that it simplifies the rules across Europe and should remove existing barriers in this area. The draft of the regulation included a ban on sales promotions on tobacco products but in the light of problems with other Commission legislation on tobacco this has been removed. The Regulation does state that odds must be presented in the press when promotional games are run but these may be in the small print. A copy of the Sales Promotion Regulation is available on request.

4.3 EGTA adopts code for virtual advertising
The European Group of Television Advertising has issued guidelines for self-regulation of virtual advertising space. This is very important for the launch of interactive TV and EGTA hopes this effort on behalf of industry will ensure only minimal regulation is enforced. The code attempts to provide a high level of protection with regard to children and ensure ads are "legal, decent, honest and truthful." For more information see http://www.egta.com

4.4 Study on Advertising Airtime
A Call for Tenders has been published for "monitoring the application of the rules of the TWF directive as regards television advertising, sponsorship and teleshopping in the Member States". The contractor will have to study the duration of advertising interruptions on the TV channels of one or more member States including logging the transmission time. The aim is to identify broadcasters who contravene art 18 of the TWF directive. More information is available on request.

4.5 State Aid Guidelines on Advertising
The Commission has published guidelines for advertising of products listed in Annex one to the Treaty and certain non-Annex I products. It states "the general prohibition on State AidÉis only applicable if the publicly funded advertising distorts or threatens to distort competition by favouring certain undertakings or the production of certain goods. Where such publicly funded advertising activities refer to the national or regional origin of the products concerned the advertising clearly favours certain products and therefore Art 87(1) may apply." These guidelines seem to particularly concern agricultural products although are not limited to this. More info on request.

4.6 Nutritional and Functional Claims
A report by the UK Food Standards Agency on the meeting with DG SANCO to discuss Nutritional and Functional Claims is available. This meeting discussed the benefits of the self-regulatory framework and the use of a tripartite model. Report available on request.


5 Audiovisual and general media policy

5.1 Cinema Developments
In September the Commission has released its Communication on Legal Aspects of the Cinema Sector and other audiovisual works which hopes to improve the competitiveness of the European industry and increase the circulation of European films. The proposal suggests carrying out a study on the national preservation and registration of films as well as looking at the VAT system applying to them. The European Parliament have also discussed an own initiative report on "circulation of European Films" which also contains plans for improvements to the state of the European Film Industry. Lastly on film, Viviane Reding has announced that she does not believe that the audiovisual industry should become an issue in the Doha negotiations and that the WTO "is not the proper place to discuss cultural issues as it is neither competent not entitled to consider such matters". Copies of the Commission Communication, the Parliament Report and Viviane Reding's speech are available on request.

5.2 Parliament adopts opinion on TWF 3rd Report
The Parliament has now adopted their opinion in plenary on the TWF Third Report. This welcomed the Commission's stance on advertising to Children and called on Member States to step up dialogue and cooperation to find common solutions. Full adopted text is available on request.

5.3 Parliament call for European Cultural Cooperation Observatory
An own initiative report from the Culture Committee calls on the Commission to submit an annual report on the cultural policies of the EU and Member States and to make an active contribution to a three year cultural cooperation plan. Part of this is to create a European Observatory on Cultural Cooperation and carry out a study on the possible harmonisation of principles governing the taxation of works of art with respect to VAT. Adopted text available on request.

5.4 German case on PSB funding
The Bundestrat Committee on European Affairs decided on 14th September that the EU has no competence in investigating public television financing and that license fees do not fall under state aid provisions. The Committee has argued that licence fees do not count as state aids as the government is not directly involved and that the Amsterdam treaty makes this clear. This was in response to a letter from the Commission and an ECJ judgement (available only in German on request)


6 General

6.1 Services of General Interest
Commissioner Bolkestein informed the Internal Market Council that the Commission would publish a report to the Council in the second half of October. This twill be discussed at the 27th November Internal Market Council and forwarded to the Laeken European Council in December 2001. Mr Bolkestein explained that this report would address: the need to clarify the relationship between methods of funding services of general interest and the application of state aid rules (in particular as regards compensation paid for public service obligations) and the need to regularly assess the performance of services of general interest at EU level. The EMAC Committee report on this issue is due to be discussed again in the Parliament on 9th October. One of the amendments attempts to exempt Public Service Broadcasters completely from competition law however one amendment attempts to rectify this. Further information is available on request.

6.2 Distance Selling of Financial Services
The September Internal Market Council reached, political agreement on a Common Position concerning the proposed Directive for the distance selling of financial services which sets common rules for selling contracts for credit cards, investment funds, pension plans, etc. to consumers by phone, fax or internet. Its main features are

(1) the prohibition of abusive marketing practices seeking to oblige consumers to buy a service they have not solicited ("inertia selling");
(2) rules to restrict other practices such as unsolicited phone calls and e-mails ("cold calling" and "spamming");
(3) an obligation to provide consumers with comprehensive information before a contract is concluded and
(4) a consumer right to withdraw from the contract during a cool-off period - except in cases where there is a risk of speculation.

The newly agreed standards are in line with those already applicable to all other retail sectors. The Common Position will be formally adopted without discussion at a forthcoming Council meeting and the Council will proceed with its final adoption once the European Parliament has concluded its second reading on the proposal. The Common Position will be formally adopted without discussion at a forthcoming Council meeting. More information on request.

6.3 Company Law - High Level Group of Experts established
Following the European Parliament's rejection of the 13th Company Law Directive (COM(88)823) on July 4th, the European Commission has set up a High Level Group of Company Law Experts that will help the Commission to prepare a new proposal for a Directive on the conduct of take-over bids and to define new priorities for the broader future development of company law in the European Union. The group held its first meeting on 11 September 2001. It is due to deliver a preliminary report on its recommendations to the Commission concerning rules for take-over bids by the end of 2001 and a final report concerning broader issues for the development of EU company law by mid-2002. The Commission will table a new revised proposal in early 2002 where several key issues will be prominent:

1.The issue of "golden shares" (Member States' special voting rights in newly privatised companies) and uneven market liberalisation;
2. How to ensure the existence of a level playing field in the EU concerning the equal treatment of shareholders across Member States;
3. Ensuring a fair price for minority shareholders during a take-over;
4. The "squeeze-out procedure" which allows the majority to buy out the minority shareholders. Substantial differences between the Commission and MEPs remain, especially on company employees' right to information. More information available on request

6.4 Internal market strategy for services
The Legal Affairs Committee is backing the Commission's strategy to complete the Internal Market for services, through a two-tier approach to achieving this goal by the end of 2002. The committee believes that the Commission should, as far as possible, make greater use of the mutual recognition of national rules and of the country of origin principle. This will allow service providers and, in particular, small and medium-sized undertakings, to offer their services all over the EU more easily and on a more cost-effective basis. The harmonisation of national rules, on the other hand, should be limited to what is strictly necessary to ensure the free movement of services and the freedom of establishment.

6.5 Corporate social responsibility
The US Ethics Officer Association (EOA) presented on 27 August its proposal for an International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard for global business conduct to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The key issue raised by the EOA proposal is one of credibility. Currently, there are a multitude of different ethical and environmental codes of conduct available to companies. Many companies choose to develop their own codes of conduct or sets of principles that address exactly the concerns which the EOA mention as the motivation for their proposal. The recent European Commission CSR Green Paper recognised that this mass of codes undermines to some extent the value of social or environmental reports produced using one of these codes. An ISO standard could add further credibility to such initiatives by detailing the resources, internal organisation and processes that a company must have in order to prove it is abiding by its own stated principles. However, the full impact of such a standard could only be achieved if there was a system for third party verification of adherence to such a standard.

6.6 Commission Communication on Contract Law
The Commission is consulting on the need for EU action in the field of contract law to see if any obstacles to the functioning of the internal market arise due to the national variations. Options for action are i. No action at Community level, ii. Promote the development of common principles in order to achieve convergence of national laws iii. Improve the quality of existing community legislation in the field of contract law iv. Adopt new comprehensive legislation on contracts. The deadline for response is http://www.europa.eu.int/comm/consumers/policy/developments/contract_law/index_en.html

6.7 GBDe meeting in Toyko
The Commissioner for Information Society, Erkki Liikanen, spoke at the third annual Conference of the Global Business Dialogue on eCommerce in Toyko. His speech was entitled "Realising our vision of a global information society: from revolution to evolution. Copy available on request.

6.8 Postal Users Group meeting
Lobbying action is again intensifying on Post due to the imminent Telecommunications Council on 15-16th October. EPC has signed up to an initiative by the Post Platform to be part of a joint call of users and pro-liberalisation operators for the Council to move forwards. The Postal Users Group also met on the 20th September and adopted a joint declaration which calls for a final date for liberalisation. Representatives from the Commission attended the meeting to discuss the REIMS II agreement governing international post and its anticompetitive effects. A copy of the PUG declaration is available on request.

6.9 MEPs critical of Prodi's White Paper
Medina Ortega spoke in the Legal Committee of his fear that the White Paper presents a threat to democracy. The idea of co-regulation would lead to a shift of power away from voters' representatives to a small minority of experts. The detail should not be added by the Commission but by the people's delegates in the Parliament and Council. The Commission representative promised that they would take Medina Ortega's comments on board.

6.10 Plans for the Forum move forwards
Representatives of EPC, ENPA, FAEP and EADP met with Mr. Pedro Ortun and Raymond Busher to discuss proposals for a "Publishers' Forum" to be held in February or March next year. It is expected the forum will be a one day event to be held in the Charlemagne which Commissioner Liikanen will speak at. Possible topics include advertising and self-regulation, freedom of expression and enlargement to the candidate countries which will be finalised nearer to the date and appropriate speakers invited. Mr Busher suggested the Forum discuss digital rights management but it was agreed by the associations and EPC that this may be too dangerous if the Commission uses it to push for discussion on collective management of rights.

6.11 Market Abuse Hearing - 15th October
A special hearing has been organised by the Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee for the 15th October. The speakers are comprised of the Chairman of Capital Markets Commission of Greece, Dr Stavros B Thomadakis, University of Paris Lecturer Mme Claude DuCouloux-Favard and Former chairman Commission Bancaire et Financiare Belgium Jean-Louis DuPlat. The definition of Market Abuse and the issue of the journalistic exemption will be discussed. Meanwhile an article appeared in European Voice on this issue referring to EPC action in this area and quoting Mr Balsemao as saying "we feel this will be interpreted by the member states as an invitation to lay down special statutory rules for the media rather than making an exemption, as nowhere is an exemption mentioned as an option." A copy of the European Voice article and more information about the Hearing on 15th is available on request.

6.12 Own initiative report on books
Willi Rothley MEP has produced a report requesting that before the end of 2002 the Commission should produce a legislative proposal regarding the fixed price of books as European booksellers (including internet sellers) are subject to different rules to those importing, exporting and re-importing books who are not doing this form a EU country and that this distorts the market. He proposes new rules should be produced addressing this. A copy of the report is available on request.

6.13 Company law statue welcomed by EP
In the September plenary the Parliament welcomed the agreement finally reached by the European Council in Nice over the idea of a European Company statute. This would enable multi-nationals operating across Europe's border to register under one set of rules rather than comply with varying national provisions. The final agreed text excluded many controversial issues such as the rules for worker participation. A copy of the Parliament's adopted text is available on request.

6.14 Competition Policy reform voted on in Parliament
The Parliament voted in September on the proposal for a Council regulation on the implementation of the rules on competition laid down in Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty. MEPs are concerned the proposal to move responsibility from European to National level will lead to legal uncertainty and several non-binding amendments seeking to avoid this were approved. Parliament's adopted text is available on request.

6.15 Confederation of European Paper Industry Documents
CEPI have now published their Annual Statistics 2000 report which contains an economic profile of the pulp and paper industries and international data on paper production. They have also issued a Recycling report based on 2000 statistics describing the rise of the recycling rate. Documents are available on request.

6.16 Risk of job losses in Forest Based Industry
The International Labour Office have produced a report entitled "Globalisation and sustainable development of forests and wood industries: a changing sector" which predicts millions of jobs may be lost in these sectors which covers the paper and furniture industry. This is due to the effects of mergers and acquisitions and lack of resources in the forestry and wood industries. For more information e-mail Brussels@ilo.brussels.eunet.be



Upcoming Conferences of relevance to EPC members:


Hague conference hearing on 24th October
The DG Justice and Home Affairs will organise a hearing on the draft convention of the conference of The Hague on jurisdiction and foreign judgements in civil and commercial matters. The provisional date is the 24 October. Interested parties will find a registration from and related documents at http://www.europa.eu.int/comm/justice_home/unit/civil/audition10_01/en/index.htm

Belgian Presidency Broadcasting Conferences
The Walloon culture minister Richard Miller has organised two conferences in Brussels in November on audiovisual issues. The 15th November is entitled "Conference on Media Concentration and diversification of services" and that on the 16th "Expert Seminar on broadcasting services in Europe and their Funding." More information available on request.

Conference on online alternative dispute resolution in Brussels - 26th October
A Conference on online dispute resolution organized by ECODIR will take place on the 26th of October 2001 in Brussels. This conference supported by the European Commission and the Belgian Ministry of Economics Affairs will gather specialists of cross-border dispute resolution online and different stakeholders of online dispute resolution which will ensure high level quality debate. It will also be the occasion to present in concrete how information technology is able to help to provide dispute resolution through a simulation of the ECODIR process and platform. For more information see: http://www.droit.fundp.ac.be/colloques/ECODIRConference.htm

Conference on the White Paper on Governance 26th October
Following the last conference in March on the White Paper on Governance (see www.ecas.org ) - Another Conference will take place in Brussels organized by the European Citizen Action Service. For more information e-mail admin@ecas.org. The Belgian Presidency is also organising a conference on the White Paper to take place 8 and 9th November. This is by invitation only but EPC will attend and a report will be available afterwards on request.

Safer Internet Awareness Day - call for proposals - 25th October
The Commission is organizing a conference in Luxembourg on the Safer Internet Awareness Exchange in order to promote better coordination amongst projects. More information and online registration is available at http://www.saferinternet.org/registration.asp

eContent Programme: Information Day & Financing Possibilities for Digital Content
The Commission has organized an Information Day on Financing Possibilities for Digital Content" at the Frankfurt Book Fair, Europaroom Hall 4-0, 10 October, 15.00-17.00. Representatives of the European Commission will give an overview of activities and financing possibilities in the field of digital content. In addition, participants can practical and useful information about the eContent Programme's forthcoming call for proposals on digital content on global networks, to be launched 1st November next. The call's total fund is in the order of EUR 30 million. Speakers representing key industry players and research, will address digital content and services for the emerging 3G mobile platform, which is one of the call's key themes. Sign up at: http://www.cordis.lu/econtent/events.htm

Conference on "Information Society" in Bruges on the 13 and 14 September
The Belgian Ministry of Economic Affairs is inviting those in political and academic circles, official and private, an opportunity to review of how society is making the transition towards the new economy. The aim of the conference will be to identify best practice, to compare experiences, and to touch on more thorough investigations of matters which specifically concern the European and world scales: barriers to access, employment, the role of government authorities, social cohesion, etc. These discussions will result in recommendations, to governments and to firms, for reinforcing the availability of the new technologies to all players in society, so as to ensure better social cohesion and more -and better- jobs. For more information http://www.mineco.fgov.be/Presidency/index_en.htm

ECTA seminar in Brussels - 17th October
The European Competitive Telecommunications Association, is holding a seminar in the European Parliament in Brussels (room 4B01) on Wednesday 17 October between 11am-1pm. The Seminar will consider the draft Telecom Framework package and how it will affect those parts of the communications industry that are its most dynamic, innovative and unpredictable, focusing on the issues facing regulation of the mobile sector as it moves from 2 to 3G. Speakers will include: Peter Scott, Head of Unit on the regulatory framework DG Information Society, European Commission Chris Kenny, OFTEL the UK national regulatory authority, in charge of OFTEL's mobile review Nick Clegg, MEP, who is kindly co-hosting the event Wim Van Velzen, MEP, author of several position papers on regulating the mobile sector (to be confirmed). More information is available on request


General enquiries: Angela Mills
Telephone: +44 (0)1865 310 732
Facsimile: +44 (0)1865 310 739
Annabella Coldrick
Telephone: +32 2 231 1299
Facsimile: +32 2 230 7658

Press Enquiries: Heidi Lambert
Telephone: +32 2 732 5546
Facsimile: +32 2 735 3603

Documents available on request to EPC members:
(for documents dating before 2001 see old EPC newsletters)

European Commission
- Commission Communication on the creation of an internal market in Services
- Television Without Frontiers Report
- Brussels Regulation
- Draft Rome II proposal
- Final Communication on Services of General Interest
- Liikanen speech on "broadcasting and eEurope" at EBU 27th March
- Reding speech on "L'audiovisuel de service public et les technologies numeriques" at EBU on 27th March
- Communication on review of the packaging waste directive
- Communication on third generation mobile report
- Draft directive on Competition in the market for electronic communications services
- Draft guidelines on the application of competition principles to telecommunications
- Data Protection Working Party opinion on the draft convention on Cybercrime
- Interim Report on simplifying the regulatory environment
- WTO speeches by Pascal Lamy and Mike Moore.
- Global Competition Forum speech by Mario Monti
- Second Annual Review of Internal Market Strategy
- Speech by Mario Monti on Competition in the new economy
- Commission decision on Hearing Officer's role in Merger cases
- Draft Directive on Tobacco advertising
- Draft Directive on Market Manipulation
- Copyright Directive Final Text
- Decision on Contractual Clauses for personal data
- Publishing Study by DG Enterprise and Eurostat
- DG Sanco paper on Nutritional Claims
- White Paper on Governance (July 2001)
- Green Paper on Consumer Protection
- Draft Regulation on Sales Promotion
- Communication on Contract Law
- Speech by Viviane Redding on Legal Aspects of the Cinema Sector
- Communication on Legal Aspects of the Cinema Sector

European Parliament
- 1st reading text on the Telecoms Framework Directive
- 1st reading text on the Access and Interconnection Directive
- 1st reading text on authorisation of electronic networks
- Adopted text on the competitiveness of the Forest Based Industries
- Committee report Universal Service
- Organisation and Management of the Internet Report 1996-2000
- Wallis report on "out of court settlements of consumer disputes"
- Report on drinking of alcohol by children
- Own-initiative report on Human Rights
- Adopted emergency resolution on Press Freedom
- Data Protection in the European Union Guide
- DG Sanco study "EC Consumer Law and the Information Society"
- TWF report documents from Parliament's Culture, Industry and Environment Committee
- Parliament Report on Reform of Articles 81 and 82
- Ecommerce and Financial Services Parliament adopted text
- Third Report on the Application of the TWF directive (Parliament opinion)
- Parliament Own-initiative report on European Cultural Cooperation
- Draft report on Circulation of European Film
- Draft report on Services of General Interest

Council
- Treaty of Nice
- Adopted text on the Copyright Directive
- Stockholm Council Conclusions 23-24th March
- Internal Market Council Conclusions 12rh March
- Agreement on manufacture, presentation and sale of tobacco products
- Ecofin Council Conclusions 15th June
- Culture Council Conclusions 21st June
- Telecoms Council Conclusions 27th June
- Internal Market Conclusions 27th September
- Common Positions on 4 Telecoms Directives; Access and Interconnection; Framework; Universal Service; Authorisations

Others
- FEDMA draft code of conduct on direct marketing by SMS
- WTO document on "GATS: fact or fiction"
- Report from Postal Users Group meeting on CEN standards
- WIPO Interim Report
- Socialist report on Governance
- FEDMA letter on costs for internet users
- EBU Conference Speeches
- European Services Forum paper on domestic regulation
- European Commercial Communications Forum report
- Fern report "behind the logo"
- Belgian Presidency's plan for Audio-visual
- ICC code on Environmental Advertising revision
- WIPO Standing Committee on Copyright May 7th-11th report
- US proposal to GATS on advertising
- Brazil, Japan, US and Swiss proposals to GATS on audiovisual
- PUG letter on the REIMS II revision
- PUG Declaration
- CEPI annual report

Council of Europe
- Draft Treaty on Cybercrime (final version)
- Protection of Broadcasting Heritage document